There are many Python libraries and frameworks that are commonly used for machine learning, including:
- Scikit-learn: A library for machine learning, providing a wide range of tools for data mining and analysis. It includes a wide range of supervised and unsupervised learning algorithms, including linear regression, decision trees, and k-means clustering.
- TensorFlow: A library for machine learning and deep learning, used for building and deploying neural networks. It is an open-source library for dataflow and differentiable programming across a range of tasks, and it is widely used for training and deploying machine learning models.
- Keras: A high-level neural networks library, which runs on top of TensorFlow, and it allows to easily build and train deep learning models.
- PyTorch: An open-source machine learning library based on the Torch library. It provides a wide range of tools for building, training and deploying machine learning models, and it’s known for its dynamic computational graphs and efficient memory usage.
- XGBoost: A library for gradient boosting, which can be used for a wide range of machine learning tasks, including regression, classification, and ranking.
- LightGBM: A library for gradient boosting, designed for efficient and high-performance handling of large datasets.
- CatBoost: A library for gradient boosting, it’s designed specifically for handling categorical features and it’s known for its performance on datasets with a large number of categorical features.
- scikit-optimize: A library for optimization, it provides simple and efficient methods to optimize machine learning algorithms, it allows to optimize the parameters of an estimator by running a search algorithm.
These are just a few examples of the many Python tools available for machine learning. The best tool for a specific task will depend on the particular use case and requirements.