There are several Python libraries and tools that are commonly used in cybersecurity, including:
- Scapy: A library for packet manipulation and network discovery, it allows capturing, analyze, and manipulate network packets, it can be used for various tasks such as network reconnaissance, packet crafting, and traffic analysis.
- Paramiko: A library for SSH and SFTP, it provides an interface for connecting, authenticating, and executing commands on remote machines using SSH.
- Pycrypto: A library for cryptographic functions, it provides a wide range of algorithms such as symmetric-key algorithms (AES, DES, Blowfish), public-key algorithms (RSA, DSA, ElGamal) and hash functions (SHA, MD5, etc).
- Yara: A library for malware detection and classification, it allows writing rules to match patterns in files and network traffic, it can be used to detect known malware, classify new samples, and identify relationships between samples.
- NetworkX: A library for the creation, manipulation, and study of the structure, dynamics, and functions of complex networks, it can be used for various tasks such as network visualization, centrality measures, and community detection.
- SELinux: A library for Security-Enhanced Linux (SELinux), it provides a way to enforce mandatory access control policies, it can be used to isolate processes and protect system resources from unauthorized access.
- psutil: A library for retrieving information on system utilization (CPU, memory, disks, network, sensors) and on system uptime, it can be used for various tasks such as system monitoring, process management and system statistics collection.
- Wireshark: A powerful network protocol analyzer, it can be used to capture, analyze, and troubleshoot network traffic.
These are just a few examples of the many Python tools available for cybersecurity. The best tool for a specific task will depend on the particular use case and requirements.